More than one billion people may experience some form of disability. Of those, up to one in five may experience significant disabilities. Individuals with disabilities have on average worse socioeconomic outcomes than those without disabilities. They often have poorer health, lower levels of employment and earnings, and higher poverty rates. In developing countries, the prevalence of disability and its impacts on a wide range of development outcomes are typically larger. This note is part of a series on The Price of Exclusion: Disability and Education prepared as part of a broader work program on children with disabilities that benefited from funding from USAID and from the Trust Fund for Statistical Capacity Building at the World Bank. The series documents gaps in education outcomes between children with and without disabilities. It also showcases examples of programs and policies and lessons from the literature on how to improve inclusion in education systems.
Wodon,Quentin T.; Nayihouba,Kolobadia Ada; Smith, Elizabeth; Male,Chata.2019.
The Price of Exclusion : Disability and Education – Looking Ahead : Visual Impairment and School Eye Health Programs (English). Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group. http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/964201621218582928/The-Price-of-Exclusion-Disability-and-Education-Looking-Ahead-Visual-Impairment-and-School-Eye-Health-Programs